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Over the past decades, there have been several reasons that have led to the decrease (and almost disappearance) of Iberian lynx populations in the territory. These reasons include the reduction of its main prey, the wild rabbit, and the loss/deterioration of the habitat.

The decline of wild rabbit is related to viral diseases, habitats changes, and hunting (some of which are considered inappropriate).

The loss/degradation of the Iberian lynx habitat is related to the replacement of Mediterranean scrublands and woodlands by intensive plantations or extensive grasslands.

On the other hand, the construction of large infrastructures, such as dams and roads or even forest fires, has also contributed to the deterioration and fragmentation of their habitat. Currently, mortality from being run over and other anthropogenic causes (eg poisoning and diseases transmitted by domestic animals) are two of the main threat factors for the populations of the species.

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